دستورات و توابع در متلب

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دستورات و توابع در متلب

دستورات و توابع در متلبReviewed by رضا فرضی on Jul 24Rating: 5.0دستورات و توابع در متلبدستورات و توابع در متلب

این پست، ضمیمه ی آنلاین کتاب در حال تالیف “محاسبات عددی با متلب” است.

دستورات و توابع در متلب

Operators and Special Characters
+ Plus; addition operator.
- Minus; subtraction operator.
* Scalar and matrix multiplication operator.
.* Array multiplication operator.
^ Scalar and matrix exponentiation operator.
.^ Array exponentiation operator.
\ Left-division operator.
/ Right-division operator.
.\ Array left-division operator.
./ Array right-division operator.
: Colon; generates regularly spaced elements and represents an entire row or column.
( ) Parentheses; encloses function arguments and array indices; overrides precedence.
[ ] Brackets; enclosures array elements.
. Decimal point.
Ellipsis; line-continuation operator.
, Comma; separates statements and elements in a row.
; Semicolon; separates columns and suppresses display.
% Percent sign; designates a comment and specifies formatting.
_ Quote sign and transpose operator.
._ Nonconjugated transpose operator.
= Assignment (replacement) operator.
Commands for Managing a Session
clc Clears Command window.
clear Removes variables from memory.
exist Checks for existence of file or variable.
global Declares variables to be global.
help Searches for a help topic.
lookfor Searches help entries for a keyword.
quit Stops MATLAB.
who Lists current variables.
whos Lists current variables (long display).
Special Variables and Constants
ans Most recent answer.
eps Accuracy of floating-point precision.
i,j The imaginary unit -1.
Inf Infinity.
NaN Undefined numerical result (not a number).
pi The number p .
System and File Commands
cd Changes current directory.
date Displays current date.
delete Deletes a file.
diary Switches on/off diary file recording.
dir Lists all files in current directory.
load Loads workspace variables from a file.
path Displays search path.
pwd Displays current directory.
save Saves workspace variables in a file.
type Displays contents of a file.
what Lists all MATLAB files in the current directory.
wklread Reads .wk1 spreadsheet file.
Input/Output Commands
disp Displays contents of an array or string.
fscanf Read formatted data from a file.
format Controls screen-display format.
fprintf Performs formatted writes to screen or file.
input Displays prompts and waits for input.
; Suppresses screen printing.
Format Codes for fprintf and fscanf
%s Format as a string.
%d Format as an integer.
%f Format as a floating point value.
%e Format as a floating point value in scientific notation.
%g Format in the most compact form: %f or %e.
\n Insert a new line in the output string.
\t Insert a tab in the output string.
Numeric Display Formats
format short Four decimal digits (default).
format long ۱۶ decimal digits.
format short e Five digits plus exponent.
format long e ۱۶ digits plus exponents.
format bank Two decimal digits.
format + Positive, negative, or zero.
format rat Rational approximation.
format compact Suppresses some line feeds.
format loose Resets to less compact display mode.
Array Commands
cat Concatenates arrays.
find Finds indices of nonzero elements.
length Computers number of elements.
linspace Creates regularly spaced vector.
logspace Creates logarithmically spaced vector.
max Returns largest element.
min Returns smallest element.
prod Product of each column.
reshape Change size
size Computes array size.
sort Sorts each column.
sum Sums each column.
Special Matrices
eye Creates an identity matrix.
ones Creates an array of ones.
zeros Creates an array of zeros.
Matrix Arithmetic
cross Computes cross products.
dot Computes dot products.
Matrix Commands for Solving Linear Equations
det Computes determinant of an array.
inv Computes inverse of a matrix.
pinv Computes pseudoinverse of a matrix.
rank Computes rank of a matrix.
rref Computes reduced row echelon form.
Cell Array Functions
cell Creates cell array.
celldisp Displays cell array.
cellplot Displays graphical representation of cell array.
num2cell Converts numeric array to cell array.
deal Matches input and output lists.
iscell Identifies cell array.
Structure Functions
fieldnames Returns field names in a structure array.
getfield Returns field contents of a structure array.
isfield Identifies a structure array field.
isstruct Identifies a structure array.
rmfield Removes a field from a structure array.
setfield Sets contents of field.
struct Creates structure array.
Plotting Commands
axis Sets axis limits.
fplot Intelligent plotting of functions.
grid Displays gridlines.
plot Generates xy plot.
print Prints plot or saves plot to a file
title Puts text at top of plot.
xlabel Adds text label to x-axis.
ylabel Adds text label to y-axis.
axes Creates axes objects.
close Closes the current plot.
close all Closes all plots.
figure Opens a new figure window.
gtext Enables label placement by mouse.
hold Freezes current plot.
legend Legend placement by mouse.
refresh Redraws current figure window.
set Specifies properties of objects such as axes.
subplot Creates plots in subwindows.
text Places string in figure.
bar Creates bar chart.
loglog Creates log-log plot.
polar Creates polar plot.
semilogx Creates semilog plot (logarithmic abscissa).
semilogy Creates semilog plot (logarithmic ordinate).
stairs Creates stairs pot.
stem Creates stem plot.
Logical and Relational Operators
== Relational operator: equal to.
~= Relational operator: not equal to.
< Relational operator: less than.
<= Relational operator: less than or equal to.
> Relational operator: greater than.
>= Relational operator: greater than or equal to.
& Logical operator: AND.
| Logical operator: OR.
~ Logical operator: NOT.
xor Logical operator: EXCLUSIVE OR.
Program Flow Control
break Terminates execution of a loop.
case Provides alternate execution paths within switch structure.
else Delineates alternate block of statements.
elseif Conditionally executes statements.
end Terminates for, while, and if statements.
error Display error messages.
for Repeats statements a specific number of times
if Executes statements conditionally.
otherwise Default part of switch statement.
return Return to the invoking function.
switch Directs program execution by comparing point with case expressions.
warning Display a warning message.
while Repeats statements an indefinite number of times.
Logical Functions
any True if any elements are nonzero.
all True if all elements are nonzero.
find Finds indices of nonzero elements.
finite True if elements are finite.
isnan True if elements are undefined.
isinf True if elements are infinite.
isempty True if matrix is empty.
isreal True if all elements are real.
Mathematical Functions
exp(x) Exponential; ex.
log(x) Natural logarithm; ln(x).
log10(x) Common (base 10) logarithm; log(x)= log10(x).
sqrt(x) Square root; x.
acos(x) Inverse cosine; arcos x = cos (x).
acot(x) Inverse cotangent; arccot x = cot –۱(x).
acsc(x) Inverse cosecant; arcs x = csc –۱ (x).
asec(x) Inverse secant; arcsec x = sec –۱ (x).
asin(x) Inverse sine; arcsin x = sin –۱ (x).
atan(x) Inverse tangent; arctan x = tan –۱ (x).
atan2(y,x) Four-quadrant inverse tangent.
cos(x) Cosine; cos(x).
cot(x) Cotangent; cot(x).
csc(x) Cosecant; csc(x).
sec(x) Secant; sec(x).
sin(x) Sine; sin(x).
tan(x) Tangent; tan(x).
acosh(x) Inverse hyperbolic cosine; cosh –۱ (x).
acoth(x) Inverse hyperbolic cotangent; coth –۱ (x).
acsch(x) Inverse hyperbolic cosecant; csch –۱ (x).
asech(x) Inverse hyperbolic secant; sech –۱ (x).
asinh(x) Inverse hyperbolic sine; sinh –۱ (x).
atanh(x) Inverse hyperbolic tangent; tanh –۱ (x).
cosh(x) Hyperbolic cosine; cosh(x).
coth(x) Hyperbolic cotangent; cosh(x)/sinh(x).
csch(x) Hyperbolic cosecant; 1/sinh(x).
sech(x) Hyperbolic secant; 1/cosh(x).
sinh(x) Hyperbolic sine; sinh(x).
tanh(x) Hyperbolic tangent; sinh(x)/cosh(x).
abs(x) Absolute value; |x|.
angle(x) Angle of a complex number x.
conj(x) Complex conjugate of x.
imag(x) Imaginary part of a complex number x.
real(x) Real part of a complex number x.
erf(x) Computes the error function erf (x).
mean Calculates the average.
median Calculates the median.
std Calculates the standard deviation.
rand Generates uniformly distributed random numbers between 0 and 1.
randn Generates normally distributed random numbers.
ceil Rounds to the nearest integer toward •.
fix Rounds to the nearest integer toward zero.
floor Rounds to the nearest integer toward – •.
round Rounds towards the nearest integer.
sign Signum function.
findstr Finds occurrences of a string.
strcmp Compares strings.
char Creates character string array
Numerical Methods
conv Computes product of two polynomials
deconv Computes ratio of polynomials.
eig Computes the eigenvalues of a matrix.
poly Computes polynomial from roots.
polyfit Fits a polynomial to data.
polyval Evaluates polynomial and generates error estimates.
roots Computes polynomial roots.
interp1 Linear and cubic-spline interpolations of a function of one variable.
interp2 Linear interpolation of a function of two variables.
spline Cubic-spline interpolation.
unmkpp Computes the coefficients of cubic-spine polynomials.
fmin Finds minimum of single-variable function.
fmins Finds minimum of multivariable function.
fzero Finds zero of single-variable function.
quad Numerical integration with adaptive Simpson’s rule.
quadl Numerical integration with adaptive Lobatto quadrature.
trapz Numerical integration with the trapezoidal rule.
diff(x) Computes the difference between adjacent elements in the vector x.
polyder Differentiates a polynomial, a polynomial product, or a polynomial quotient.
ode23 Nonstiff, low-order solver.
ode45 Nonstiff, medium-order solver.
ode113 Nonstiff, variable-order solver.
ode23s Stiff, low-order.
ode23t Moderately stiff, trapezoidal rule solver.
ode23b Stiff, low-order solver.
ode15s Stiff, variable-order solver.
odeset Creates integrator options structure for ODE solvers.
gensig Generates a periodic sine, square, or pulse input.
sawtooth Generates a periodic sawtooth input.
square Generates a square wave input.
stepfun Generates a step function input.
رضا فرضی
رضا فرضی
رضا فرضی هستم متولد 71 در شهرستان دیر استان بوشهر، فارغ التحصیل مقطع کارشناسی رشته مهندسی شیمی دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر و در حال حاضر دانشجوی مقطع ارشد مهندسی شیمی دانشگاه شیراز می باشم..
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